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Archive for July, 2007

To comb or to brush?

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To groom our hair, we have two basic tools, the hair brush and the comb. The comb and the brush, due to the differences in their make, serve differently. So when do you use a comb and when do you use a brush?

When you’ve just stepped out of the shower, always use a comb to remove knots and tangles. Brushing wet hair can damage your hair, so you should detangle your hair with a comb. With a wide-tooth comb start near the ends of the hair, comb downward with gentle strokes. When you’ve finished with the tangles at the end, gradually start combing from closer to the roots of the hair. With dry hair also a comb is a better option. To smooth and detangle your hair, use a comb. After the removing of tangles, you may use a brush to create style, shine and volume.

Once tangles are removed from straight or wavy hair, a brush is usually the tool of choice for styling and smoothing hair. Dry and untangled hair can be gently brushed at any time. Wet hair may be brushed as part of the styling process. Round brushes can be used to add volume and body to fine or limp hair. A flat brush is useful for smoothing long, thick or coarse hair.

Whether you opt to use a comb or a brush or both, remember to always be gentle on your hair.

Article publish on: http://www.enasha.com/article.php?id=1091

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shilpa’s career has taken quite a path, from an almost obscure presence in Bollywood to a world famous celebrity.

Born on June 8, the actress made her debut in Bollywood in 1993 in the movie ‘Baazigar’ opposite the King Khan, SRK. The movie was a super hit and Shilpa was nominated for the ‘Best newcomer award’ by Filmfare.
Nevertheless, she failed to make the most of the opportunity and what followed was a string of flops and very few noteworthy movies.

Her first leading role was in the movie ‘Aag’ in 1994. The movie ‘Main Anari Tu Khiladi’, opposite Akshay Kumar, with whom she was reportedly in a relationship, did quite well at the box-office. But her list of flops only continued to get bigger with movies like ‘Pardesi Babu,’ ‘Jaanwar’ and ‘Lal Baadshah’ to name a few.

Her career did not quite take off until her special appearance in the song ‘Main Aayi Hoon UP Bihar Lootne’ brought her back. The movie ‘Shool’, for which the song was shot, became a hit and Shilpa’s song reverberated across the country.

‘Dhadkan’, ‘Phir Milenge’ and ‘Dus’, all hits, helped her find a place in Bollywood as an actress with potential. Soon, her stature ensured that she was invited as a guest judge on ‘Indian Idol’ and a judge on ‘Jhalak Dikhlaja’.

But, it was the UK reality television show, ‘Celebrity Big Brother’ that provided a turning point to Shilpa’s career. She was the first Indian actress to be featured on the show. Her popularity in India catapulted with her participation in the show. The racist remarks she faced from a regular contestant on the show, Jade Goody, and her subsequent efforts to keep her calm through the ‘difficult ordeal’ gained her international support as well as recognition. She became an overnight celebrity. Looks like ‘Big Brother’ did his job to help Shilpa boost her career! Incidentally, Shilpa won the ‘Big Brother’ contest. The incident had a huge impact, on not just Shilpa’s popularity but also on Indo-Brit ties, and had Britain facing allegations of being a racist country.

Since then Shilpa, an AIDS activist and a member of PETA India, has been on the joy-ride of her life. She has been offered quite a number of projects in Bollywood as well as in Hollywood. In February 2007, she attended a reception at the House of Commons and met British Prime Minister Tony Blair. She also met Queen Elizabeth II at Marlborough House in London in March 2007.

Fame, brings with it rumours and controversies. And Shilpa, is no exception. The casual kiss with Richard Gere, during an AIDS awareness programme raked up quite a storm and Shilpa found herself in the midst of a controversy yet again. She went on record saying that the media in India goes hyper when it comes to celebrities. But still she has been a media favorite. She launched her perfume line ‘S2’ in London recently. This also led to her teaming up with Raj Kundra, an NRI businessman cum film producer.  There are rumors that she may tie the knot with Raj Kundra. With media quoting Kundra’s wife as saying that Shilpa is the reason for disputes in her marriage, the controversy is still warm. 
 

And that is not all. Her management firm has been hit with legal trouble after her company failed to pay off debts worth £13,000 ($26,000). Shilpa’s agent, Farnath Hussain, it is said, has told ‘The Sun’ that they are “in the process” of paying off the debts.But this hasn’t affected Shilpa much. She is still elegant, poised and excited about the recent honorary doctorate that the Leeds Metropolitan University awarded her. She has a bright smile on her lips as she bats off questions as one controversy or gossip follows the other…the saga continues.

From a ‘Shilpa who?’ to ‘Dr. Shilpa,’ it has definitely been one huge rollercoaster ride for the this giggling heroine.  And it seems, she still has miles to go!
By
Tanim Ashraf
India Syndicate
Since then Shilpa, an AIDS activist and a member of PETA India, has been on the joy-ride of her life. She has been offered quite a number of projects in Bollywood as well as in Hollywood. In February 2007, she attended a reception at the House of Commons and met British Prime Minister Tony Blair. She also met Queen Elizabeth II at Marlborough House in London in March 2007.

Fame, brings with it rumours and controversies. And Shilpa, is no exception. The casual kiss with Richard Gere, during an AIDS awareness programme raked up quite a storm and Shilpa found herself in the midst of a controversy yet again. She went on record saying that the media in India goes hyper when it comes to celebrities. But still she has been a media favorite. She launched her perfume line ‘S2’ in London recently. This also led to her teaming up with Raj Kundra, an NRI businessman cum film producer.  There are rumors that she may tie the knot with Raj Kundra. With media quoting Kundra’s wife as saying that Shilpa is the reason for disputes in her marriage, the controversy is still warm. 

And that is not all. Her management firm has been hit with legal trouble after her company failed to pay off debts worth £13,000 ($26,000). Shilpa’s agent, Farnath Hussain, it is said, has told ‘The Sun’ that they are “in the process” of paying off the debts.But this hasn’t affected Shilpa much. She is still elegant, poised and excited about the recent honorary doctorate that the Leeds Metropolitan University awarded her. She has a bright smile on her lips as she bats off questions as one controversy or gossip follows the other…the saga continues.

From a ‘Shilpa who?’ to ‘Dr. Shilpa,’ it has definitely been one huge rollercoaster ride for the this giggling heroine.  And it seems, she still has miles to go!
Article published on: www.msn.com

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Eating fresh apples is always good for you, but to get the full nutritional benefits associated with eating apples you should eat at least one fresh apple every day. The average U.S. consumer eats about 19 pounds of fresh apples a year — about one apple per week. Ongoing consumer attitude tracking in nine major markets across the United States has shown that Washington apples remain number one as far as consumers are concerned. According to a one report, 56 percent of those surveyed named Washington as the brand they look for when buying apples. 

WHOLE-BODY HEALTH BENEFITS
Lower blood cholesterol, improved bowel function, reduced risk of stroke, prostate cancer, type II diabetes and asthma.

CANCER PREVENTION
Over the past four years, apple consumption has been linked with reduced cancer risk in several studies. A 2001 Mayo Clinic study indicated that quercetin, a flavonoid abundant in apples, helps prevent the growth of prostate cancer cells. A Cornell University study indicated phytochemicals in the skin of an apple inhibited the reproduction of colon cancer cells by 43 percent. The National Cancer Institute has reported that foods containing flavonoids like those found in apples may reduce the risk of lung cancer by as much as 50 percent.
 

WEIGHT LOSS
Apples are a delicious source of dietary fiber, and dietary fiber helps aid digestion and promotes weight loss. A medium apple contains about five grams of fiber, more than most cereals. Also, apples contain almost zero fat and cholesterol, so they are a delicious snack and dessert food that’s good for you.
 

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We all tend to over eat every once in a while and many feel like they eat more than they should.Children also get hungry a lot, especially during their teens and tend to gorge on food. This is because their body requires extra nutrition during muscle and bone growth. These are natural conditions and need not be worried about.
 
However, you should be concerned, if you or your child suffers from binge eating. Binge eating is different from normal appetite increases or overeating from time to time. It involves more than just eating a lot. It’s an eating disorder that causes people to frequently eat large amounts of food while feeling a loss of control over their eating. They consume quickly and don’t stop eating even when they become full. That’s why binge eating is also called compulsive overeating.

The actual causes of binge eating disorder are still unknown. Up to half of all people with binge eating disorder have a history of depression. Whether depression is a cause or effect of binge eating disorder is unclear. People with a binge eating problem may overeat when they feel stressed, upset, hurt, or angry and find comfort in eating, but are likely to feel guilty and sad about the out-of-control eating. Binge eating is often a mixed-up way of dealing with or avoiding difficult emotions.

Unhealthy eating behaviors learned during childhood may develop into binge eating. Some households may overuse food as a way to soothe or comfort. The kids may grow up with a habit of overeating to soothe them selves to quiet their emotions because they may not have learned healthier ways to deal with stress.

Binge eating is something to worry about as it can lead to several problems such as weight gain, unhealthy dieting, and emotional problems. Most of the people who binge eat are over eat are overweight or obese. Concerns about weight gain may lead them to go on extreme diets that they can’t stick to. Binge eating can leave a person feeling helpless, hopeless, and depressed. These painful feelings may make the binge eating worse if the person turns to food as a way of dealing with such feelings.

Depending on what’s behind someone’s binge eating, doctors may prescribe medications along with therapy and nutrition advice. Since binge eating is more of an emotional problem, and binge eaters may feel too embarrassed to get help, you should show your concern and support to help a friend or family member to seek help.

Article publish on: http://www.enasha.com/article.php?id=1078

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Pratibha Patil

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First Woman President
Former governor of the northern Indian state of Rajasthan, Pratibha Patil, 72 (the first woman president of India since it gained independence from British rule 60 years ago) is due to take her oath of office as head of state in a ceremony at the Indian parliament in Delhi. Patil, who succeeded APJ Kalam, had won a comprehensive presidential election victory, with nearly two-thirds of votes cast in state assemblies and in India’s parliament.
President of India
 
Born
December 19, 1934 (1934-12-19) (age 72)
Nadgaon
Political party
Congress (I)
Spouse
Devisingh Ransingh Shekhawat
Residence
(present)
11,
Ferozeshah Road, New Delhi (temporary)
Worli, Mumbai (permanent)
Alma mater
Government Law College, Mumbai
Website
Governor of Rajasthan official website
Pratibha Patil (Marathi:प्रतिभा पाटिल) (born December 19, 1934) is the 13th President-elect of India. When she is sworn in on July 25, 2007, she will become the first female President of India. She is also the first Maharashtrian to hold this post.She is a member of the Indian National Congress and was the nominee of the ruling United Progressive Alliance and Indian Left. She won the last presidential election, held on July 19, 2007 defeating her nearest rival Bhairon Singh Shekhawat by over 300,000 (value) votes.
A lawyer by training, Pratibha Patil was a member of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly, representing Edlabad constituency in Jalgaon District from 1962 to 1985. From 1986 to 1988, she held the post of deputy chairperson of the Rajya Sabha. As a member of parliament, she represented Amravati in the Lok Sabha from 1991 to 1996. She later became the 24th Governor of Rajasthan and, notably, was also the first female governor of this state.
Early life
 Pratibha Patil was born to Narayan Paglu Rao in Nadgaon, Maharashtra. She studied at R.R. School at Jalgaon. She received her M.A. from Mooljee Jaitha (M.J.) College, Jalgaon (affiliated to North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon) and obtained a law degree from the Government Law College, Mumbai (affiliated to University of Bombay). During her college days, she excelled in table tennis, winning various inter-college tournaments. In 1962, Pratibha Patil was voted “College Queen” of M.J. College. The same year, she won an assembly election from Edlabad constituency on the Indian National Congress ticket.
She married educator Devisingh Ransingh Shekhawat on July 7, 1965.Being active in Maharashtra politics, she preferred not to take her husband’s surname. The couple has a son and a daughter.

Her institutions
 Together with her husband, she set up an educational institute, Vidya Bharati Shikshan Prasarak Mandal, which runs a chain of schools and colleges in Jalgaon and Mumbai. She has also set up Shram Sadhana Trust that runs hostels for working women in New Delhi, Mumbai and Pune and an engineering college in Jalgaon. She also founded and was the chairperson of a cooperative sugar factory known as Sant Muktabai Sahakari Sakhar Karkhana and a cooperative bank named after herself as Pratibha Mahila Sahakari Bank. She was also involved in setting up an Industrial Training School for the visually challenged in Jalgaon and running a school for poor children of Vimukta Jamatis & Nomadic Tribes.

Political career
 Pratibha Patil joined politics in 1962 at the age of 27. Under the mentorship of senior Congress leader and ex-Chief Minister Yashwantrao Chavan, she became a deputy minister for education after re-election in 1967 (in the Vasantrao Naik ministry). In her next terms (1972-78) she was a full cabinet minister for the state. In successive congress governments, she handled the portfolios of tourism, social welfare and housing under several chief ministers, Vasantdada Patil, Babasaheb Bhosle, S. B. Chavan and Sharad Pawar. She was continually re-elected to the assembly, either from Jalgaon or the nearby Edlabad constituencies, until 1985, when she was elected to the Rajya Sabha as a Congress candidate. She has never lost an election that she has contested.
Post-Emergency Indira loyalist
In 1977, the Congress party split up after Indira Gandhi‘s defeat following the Indian Emergency (1975–1977). Many senior leaders of state Congress(I) , including Pratibha’s mentor Chavan and his protege Sharad Pawar, as well as much of the rank and file joined the Congress (Urs) party floated by Devraj Urs. However, Pratibha preferred to remain with Indira Gandhi, though it verged on inviting political ridicule. In fact, few know that Pratibha managed Indira Gandhi’s kitchen when Sanjay died. This act of loyalty to the Gandhi family would be remembered later by Rajiv Gandhi and subsequently, Sonia Gandhi. She protested the arrest of Indira Gandhi in December 1977 and and spent 10 days in prision.  In 1978, when the Congress (Urs) came to power in Maharashtra, she became Leader of the Opposition in the state assembly.
In 1980, the Congress (I) swept back into power, and her name was considered a front-runner for the Chief Minister’s post. However, the post went to Sanjay Gandhi‘s confidant A. R. Antulay, who was soon forced to resign on corruption charges. Subsequently, she became a minister again in the Vasantdada Patil ministry. Following differences between Patil and then Maharashtra Pradesh Congress Committee (MPCC) chief Prabha Rau, Rajiv Gandhi appointed her as MPCC chief (1988-90).

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smoking_ap_150.jpg Kiel: Smoking bans in public places have recently come into effect in several European countries, and Germany is set to join their ranks next month.
There has never been a better time to kick the habit, but smokers should be warned – without professional help the task is likely to be much harder. Statistics show that only 1-2 percent of smokers manage to quit on their own.
In Germany at least, smokers are vanishing fast, mainly because hardly anyone actually takes up the habit.
The number of young people who smoke fell this spring to a historic low, according to officials at Germany’s Federal Centre for Health Awareness in Cologne. The number of 12- to 17-year-olds who regularly light up has dropped to 18 percent, the figures show.
Failure to quit smoking by relying on sheer willpower alone usually means that the smoker is physically addicted.
“Nicotine is a very strong stimulant and one of the most dependency-inducing drugs,” said Karin Joder, a health scientist and psychologist from the northern city of Kiel. “Addiction occurs faster than with heroin or other drugs since nicotine influences the brain’s metabolism.”
The substance activates the brain’s reward mechanisms and releases “feel-good” chemicals. As a result, smokers who do not light up just feel bad.
Studies show that most habitual smokers only need to smoke one cigarette to find their emotional equilibrium. They have become so used to the kick unleashed by the substance that they are no longer consciously aware of its effect.
Smokers usually associate smoking a cigarette with a pleasant experience such as taking a break from work. Before long the brain learns to associate the two actions, telling the person “a pause for a cigarette feels good”.
The brain is unfortunately not adequately aware that the positive feedback is not a direct result of nicotine being inhaled.

Group therapy sessions with such promising titles as “How to finally quit smoking” are seen to be the most effective method of cessation. The group of smokers meets with a counsellor who guides the session. Initially, the aim is to analyse the smoking habits of those taking part.
“The idea is to make it clear to people that they are actually addicted,” said Karin Joder. In many cases this means destroying the illusions associated with the smoking habit.
The counsellor has little time for nicotine substitutes such as patches, sprays and other medicines.
These substances can reduce the craving and headaches, which usually occur as part of the nerve- wracking withdrawal symptoms although the smoker does realize that he no longer needs cigarettes and becomes more amenable to therapy.
Such substitute products are however ineffective in the long-term since they cannot diminish physical dependence and continue to provide the body with the nicotine it so craves.
The same applies to nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) medicines that are usually only available on prescription. Zyban (buspronion and Champix (varenicline) reduce the burning desire for nicotine but their side effects are undesirable.
Those observed in clinical trials include insomnia, panic attacks and dizziness. Vareniclin reduces the withdrawal symptoms and makes people taking it feel sick, if they do smoke a cigarette. The side effects include difficulty sleeping, flatulence, headaches and nausea.
According to expert Christian Kroeger at the Therapy Research Institute in Munich, such medicines are only really suitable for heavy smokers who are likely to experience severe physical and mental repercussions, if they simply give up smoking from one day to the other.

Group therapy sessions with such promising titles as “How to finally quit smoking” are seen to be the most effective method of cessation. The group of smokers meets with a counsellor who guides the session. Initially, the aim is to analyse the smoking habits of those taking part.
“The idea is to make it clear to people that they are actually addicted,” said Karin Joder. In many cases this means destroying the illusions associated with the smoking habit.
The counsellor has little time for nicotine substitutes such as patches, sprays and other medicines.
These substances can reduce the craving and headaches, which usually occur as part of the nerve- wracking withdrawal symptoms although the smoker does realize that he no longer needs cigarettes and becomes more amenable to therapy.
Such substitute products are however ineffective in the long-term since they cannot diminish physical dependence and continue to provide the body with the nicotine it so craves.
The same applies to nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) medicines that are usually only available on prescription. Zyban (buspronion and Champix (varenicline) reduce the burning desire for nicotine but their side effects are undesirable.
Those observed in clinical trials include insomnia, panic attacks and dizziness. Vareniclin reduces the withdrawal symptoms and makes people taking it feel sick, if they do smoke a cigarette. The side effects include difficulty sleeping, flatulence, headaches and nausea.
According to expert Christian Kroeger at the Therapy Research Institute in Munich, such medicines are only really suitable for heavy smokers who are likely to experience severe physical and mental repercussions, if they simply give up smoking from one day to the other.

Article Publish: http://content.msn.co.in/Lifestyle/HealthFitness/LifestyleDPA_180707_1256.htm#top

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Mughlai Roti

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Ingredients

  • 3 teacups plain flour (maida)
  • 1/2 teacup milk, lukewarm
  • 1 teaspoon sugar
  • 1 level teaspoon fresh yeast
  • 1 teaspoon aniseed (saunf), powdered
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • ghee for cooking

Directions

1. Add the sugar to the milk and sprinkle yeast over it. Keep aside for 20 minutes.

2. Sieve the flour with the salt in a bowl and add the aniseed powder. Pour the yeast mixture on top and knead well. Add a little water if needed to make a soft dough.

3. Cover and set aside in a warm place for approximately 45 minutes. Knead again.

4. Divide the dough into 10 equal parts. Shape into balls and roll out into rounds about 125 to 150 mm. (5″ to 6″) diameter. Keep aside for 10 minutes.

5. Now cook on a tava with ghee until light brown.

6. Serve hot.

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